Asosiasi Ilmu Pemerintahan Perguruan Tinggi Muhammadiyah-AIPPTM (The Association of Government Science Department of Muhammadiyah College) was established in 2010 in Malang City, Indonesia. In the time, various government department sciences under Muhammadiyah organization have a vision that they can be inspiring other government science departments out of Muhammadiyah. On the other sides, they can support government to carry out good governance into practice. Therefore, this organization aims to strengthen the government science departments of Muhammadiyah College towards a good academic organization in supporting and facilitating government to implement good governance principles, particularly accountability and participation principle at local government affairs. Recently, good governance paradigm is to be a main issue in Indonesia.
The Indonesian government has made and improved many laws aiding a good governance. However, this way are not enough to achieve the real principles of good governance. There is a way to support good governance is that scholars should be taking part of improving good governance. AIPPTM takes the way. Since AIPPTM has been established, the founders of this organization realize that the active roles of scientists as lectures and researchers are really needed to becoming good governance as a pivotal system in public administration affairs. Hence, AIPPTM takes account to carry out the system into government practice.
AIPPTM takes the manner referring to many international experiences and academic frameworks how to improve good governance by scholar roles. The good governance paradigm asserts that in doing government affairs, government must involve public and private sector (Weiss, 2000). New Public Management paradigm also serves a good governance framework that it requires stakeholder collaboration among them to build good government performance (Osborne, 2010). Moreover, Collaborative Governance Framework as well emphases that collaboration between administrator official, private and society sector is very important to embody good government performance into the field (Anell & Ghas, 2008). The last governance paradigm is Collaborative Governance Regime that is also focusing on a key word namely, that good governance requires collaboration among stakeholders to achieve the principles of good governance (Emerson, Nabatchi, & Balogh, 2012).
Referring to the frameworks, a fundamental key word to reach good governance performance is “collaboration” word. In which case, all elements of governance such elected official, appointed administrators, civic groups, private sectors, and academic communities should take part of governance process. Many countries have successfully implemented the framework of the collaboration (Kamnuansilpa, 2010). One example is local government in Canada. Andrew (2010) found that local governments in Canada have built a good collaboration with University of Western Ontario. The local governments behave as though the university is a key to local economic growth. The successful record of the University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Ontario in promoting local economic growth provides a context.
Another example for a good partnership or collaboration as in Canada is local government in Australia. Melissa Gibbs (2010) described that most of local governments in Australia has a good partnership with many Colleges. Gibbs shows one example of good collaboration between local government and universities that is how the Australian Centre for Local Government ACLEG), a consortium, led by the University of Technology in Sydney, plays an important role in supporting and establishing an independent interface between all levels of governments. In regard to this case, there is a strong relationship within and among different kinds of governments, and with ACLEG. The collaboration of these organizations allows them to work together in various aspects such as social, cultural, policy formulation and implementation, and academic research.
In brief, an essential strategy going to real good governance and good government performance is the stakeholders such as Local Government Administrators, Universities, Academic Associations, and Private Sectors much be building a good collaboration among them. Therefore, AIPPTM should arrange programs based on collaboration with other stakeholders as mentioned.
What has AIPPTM done?
In line with the frameworks and few examples explained above, AIPPTM has arranged and done some programs supporting to government to implement good governance into practice. The programs of AIPPTM are as follows.
Firstly, AIPPTM has arranged vision and mission as following. AIPPTM Vision is (1) strengthening collaboration among government science departments under Muhammadiyah organization, in education, research, and society empowerment program, (2) strengthening partnership between the government science departments and government agencies, political organization, and private sector, (3) developing curriculum program of the government science departments towards curriculum based on governance practices, (4) developing leadership model supporting achievement best human resource. AIPPTM mission is (1) achieving a good government department governance both in nation and in western, (2) achieving accreditation grade “A” for all government department science under Muhammadiyah, (3) becoming government department science under Muhammadiyah as the excellent departments in the word, (4) towards government department science under Muhammadiyah as rule model for other government departments.
Secondly, AIPPTM has done workshops and seminars related to governance issues. AIPPTM conducted a conference on governance in Malang City on December 22nd, workshop on academic curriculum development regarding governance issues, held in Makassar City on March 25th, and conference on Governance Index held in Tangerang on September 26th.
Thirdly, AIPPTM has made a website (www.aipptm.co.id) as a publication tool related social and political issues. In addition to the website, AIPPTM also has a second website that is https://aipptm.wordpress.com. Members of AIPPTM can be publishing their articles and research reports to both of the websites. Fourthly, AIPPTM has published a proceeding. This proceeding consists of the articles that belong to Indonesian scholars who concern to the social political and governance issues. Fifthly, AIPPTM has created few international networks as Asia Pacific Society for Public Affairs (APSPA).
What should AIPPTM do in future periods?
In this section, we would like to offer some programs that AIPPTM should do in in the future time. Before we describe about it, we want to put some arguments concerns to how to improve good government by academic activities. As regard to this topic, Bingham, Nabatchi, & O’Leary (2005) elaborated that in this new governance era, leaders in public affairs identify tools and instruments for the new governance through networks of public, private, and nonprofit organizations. In addition, they argue the new governance also involves people-the tool makers and tool users—and the processes through which they participate in the work of government. Therefore, they suggest that scholars should active to do minimum two ways namely, doing research related to governance issues and improving curriculum aiding good governance into practice. These manners are very important to do going to good governance.
What is the research issues regarding this topic? The most important issues related good governance issues is deliberative democracy, e-democracy, public conversations, participatory budgeting, citizen juries, study circles, collaborative policy making, and alternative dispute resolution. These issues can be explored to build a new concept or framework supporting good government performance.
The second question is what is appropriate curriculum to improving good governance into practice? Colleges should design a curriculum that it can be answering and resolving governance problems into field. It is pivotal element that should be done by academic associations towards the real good governance in workout. Bingham, et.al (2005) said that at best, public administration programs provide their students with instruction in negotiation skills and, to a lesser extent, alternative dispute resolution. These programs can support students to be a good consultants for government officials. Consequently, scholars of the Colleges can provide a good public administrators thinking creatively about how to engage
the public in deliberative democracy and collaborative decision making process.
Based on the explanation above, AIPPTM agrees that in future times, AIPPTM should conduct lot of research related to governance issues and should arrange the good curriculum aiding good governance in field. The issues of research and a governance curriculum can be described as follows.
|Main subjects||Main topics|
|Research on Governance||Deliberative democracy, e-democracy, public conversations, participatory budgeting, citizen juries, study circles, collaborative policy making, and alternative dispute resolution, and so on.|
|Curriculum on Governance||New Public Management, Good Governance, Collaborative Governance, Partnership Governance, and so on.|
Adopted from Bingham, Nabatchi, & O’Leary (2005) on “The New Governance: Practices and Processes for Stakeholder and Citizen Participation in the Work of Government”.
In addition to research program and curriculum design, as well, AIPPTM should be improving networks regarding academic programs such as collaboration research, exchange student and lecturer, and partnership publication. These ways are very fundamental to be going to internationalization of academic culture. The last of this section is that AIPPTM must arrange internal management of the organization to be a good academic community.
Discussion and Conclusion
We explained what does the most important ways that we should do to improve a good governance paradigm in execution of public administration? A way to support it is that scholars should take account in governance process. It means that good governance needs a good collaboration between government officials, society communities, academic communities, private sectors, and others in governance affairs (Andrew, 2010; Anell & Ghas, 2008; Bingham, Nabatchi, & O’Leary, 2005; Emerson, Nabatchi, & Balogh, 2012; Kamnuansilpa, 2010; Melissa Gibbs, 2010; Osborne, 2010; Weiss, 2000). In line with the framework, AIPPTM has conducted some programs to build a good collaboration among scholars such as seminars, workshops, conferences, and publications. In brief, AIPPTM seems that the collaboration among stakeholders is a key to achieve good governance practices. APPTM will be doing research related to governance issues to improve governance literatures. In addition, AIPPTM will arrange the good curriculum to aiding students to be good consultants to advise elected, appointed, and administrator officials.
Ansell, C., & Gash, A. (2008). Collaborative governance in theory and practice. Journal of public administration research and theory, 18(4), 543-571.
Emerson, K., Nabatchi, T., & Balogh, S. (2012). An integrative framework for collaborative governance. Journal of public administration research and theory, 22(1), 1-29.
Bingham, L. B., Nabatchi, T., & O’Leary, R. (2005). The new governance: Practices and processes for stakeholder and citizen participation in the work of government. Public administration review, 65(5), 547-558.
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